Sign and Symptoms of Sprains

  • Swelling
  • Tenderness
  • Pain
  • Bruising
  • Skin discoloration
  • Inability to weight on the affected ankle


The best practice for first aid for sprains involves the R.I.C.E. method, which stands for Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. This approach helps alleviate pain, reduce swelling, and promote healing. Here's a more detailed explanation:



  • Stop the activity that caused the sprain and avoid putting weight on the affected limb.
  • Rest allows the injured tissues to begin healing and prevents further stress on the injured area.



  • Apply ice to the injured area as soon as possible, preferably within the first 48 hours.
  • Use a cold pack or ice wrapped in a thin cloth to reduce swelling and numb the pain.
  • Apply the ice for 15-20 minutes every 2-3 hours. Be sure to give the skin time to return to normal temperature between icing sessions.



  • Use a compression bandage to wrap the injured area. This helps control swelling by restricting fluid buildup.
  • Ensure that the bandage is snug but not too tight. It should allow for proper blood circulation.



  • Elevate the injured limb above the level of the heart whenever possible.
  • This aids in reducing swelling by allowing fluids to drain away from the injured area.
  • Prop the injured limb up with pillows or some other support.